The Many Changes Of Menopause Read Time: 3 minutes
Every woman is born with around 1 million eggs, as time goes by, the eggs get used or die. There comes a time in each woman’s life when there are no more eggs left. The body then increases its production of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and reduces production of estrogen. This process is known as menopause. Menopause is a completely natural change that takes place in every woman’s body, usually between the ages of 47-51. Menopause begins with a first missed period and is confirmed when a woman has missed periods for a full 12 months.
Bearing the burden of menopause
Many women suffer from a combination of symptoms during menopause. These include sudden rushes of intense body heat known as hot flashes, as well as night sweats which are similar to hot flashes but occur during the night. Though these are the two most common symptoms, some women also experience difficulty falling asleep or waking during the night and being unable to return to sleep, migraine tension or cluster headaches, fatigue and reduced bone density which may ultimately lead to osteoporosis and fractures.
Ditching the hot flashes: hormone replacement therapy
Women who are suffering from a combination of menopause symptoms or whose symptoms are affecting daily life may want to consider hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Hormone therapy involves taking a series of drugs to artificially increase the production of certain hormones; estrogens, progesterone and sometimes testosterone. In the past, there have been some concerns that hormone therapy may increase the risk of diseases such as heart disease, blood clots, breast cancer, and stroke. There are a number of newer therapies, with reduced risks which may be effective in short-term, low doses.
Options for HRT
There are several types of HRT available to women experiences menopause. Each type of HRT has pros and cons and are available in various types of forms. Hormone replacement therapy should be started by a specialist that understands the balance of female hormones.The great news is that because of the different styles of HRT available, there’s often a solution for every woman to avoid the symptoms of menopause.